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Data Center Is: Definition, Types, Functions, and Benefits


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In terms of collecting data for a company or organization. A company will create a place that provides flexibility to store and process data. This place is what we often call a data center. Data centers are useful for being the main storage of digital data for companies and organizations.

So you can conclude that a data center is a place to store data. But is it only limited to that? Of course not. There are many roles and uses of data centers that are useful for companies in managing every incoming and outgoing data.

A data center is often found in the form of a large room and stores several digitally stored document files.

A data center can generally store a variety of files and documents in a very large size depending on how much the company needs to use digital documents.

Since there are many things you need to know about data centers for companies in this article, let's explore more about what a data center actually is and how it is used and its significance for companies especially in terms of digital.

Definition of Data Center

You may not be familiar with the term data center. What is a data center? And what exactly does a data center do for a company? In general, a data center is a room that is used to house computers that store data in its entirety.

These data are stored digitally in various formats that computers can store them in.

Thus, all data that enters the company will finally be stored in the data center computer. A data center looks more like a room full of computers than a computer itself.

Data centers gather many elements of various types such as switches, routers, servers, security devices and large hard drives with large capacity.

Specifically, a data center is a computer media that is useful for storing all data belonging to a company or organization with certain specifications.

Each form of data will be stored in the data center according to the storage category. That is why a data center consists of more than one digital storage medium.

Data Center Functions

From its type, there are various useful functions of a data center. Going back to its main function, it is also useful for storing large amounts of data.

However, there are several additional functions that serve to support the data center in both data storage and management. Here are the functions of a data center.

1. Storing and Managing Data

Its main function is to store and manage data. So that data will be stored properly and it will be easier to develop or expand data.

Data centers also have various features that help access data and perform data type scans to classify data more effectively.

2. Improving Data Security

By being in one storage place, data will be much safer both when accessing and developing data.

So it will provide 24-hour protection and will provide some security detection assistance from viruses or malware.

3. Increase Company Productivity

With data expansion features, data centers are able to make companies more effective and provide more up-to-date information related to data that is important to the company. 

Data Center Type

In terms of components, there are several types of data centers that depend on various components. You need a type whose components match your needs and preferences to make managing and storing your company's data more effective and easier. Here are the three types that are commonly applied.

1. Enterprise Type

This type of data center has a special design and design for storing company data.

This type has the advantage of developing and expanding data that is company data so that the company will always be updated according to data developments.

2. Types of Colocation

Switch to a type of data center that offers expanded space on storage media according to the needs of the company.

For example, bandwidth and various aspects that can expand capacity for a fee.

So the disadvantage of this type of data center is that you have to prepare a budget according to the need for space expansion.

3. Types of Hyperscale

For this type of data center, it provides more ease in scaling and range by increasing the power of the system. So Hyperscale Data Centers are the most advanced and complex type of application.

Several multinational companies such as Apple, Meta, and Tesla, Google, and Amazon use this type.

Data Center Components

Now from the definition of a data center, you understand that there are many components that make up a data center.

Each continuous component forms a network that is able to manage and protect data as well as solve and analyze problems that occur in data storage.

The following are the components that make up a data center and their respective functions.

1. Storage Media

The most important data center component is the storage media, which is where all the data is stored.

Storage media can be of two kinds such as HDD or (Hard-Disk Drive) and SSD (Solid-State Drive).

Although different, these two types can actually accommodate all types of data according to the needs of the company.

Apart from hardware, there are also other storage media in the form of software. Such as data cloudNetwork-Attached Storage (NAS) or internet network-based storage, as well as other types.

In accordance with its main function, storage media functions to store and manage data in the company in various forms and various types.

Generally, an enterprise storage medium can reach terabytes.

2. Power Capacity

Another important component is power or power capacity on computers that are the media for storing and managing data in the data center.

You need to remember that a data center operates for 24 hours. So it needs a very large power component.

Generally, the power capacity component will continue to be fulfilled by the unceasing flow of electricity. This electricity will flow to all other components including storage components. So it needs tools such as Uninterrupible Power Supply or UPS.

3. Safety System and Cooling System

Because a data center moves continuously with enormous power. It is necessary to add components cooling system as a computer cooler.

This cooling system can be a CVC or chilled water system that requires cold water to cool the computer machine.

Benefits of Data Center

There are various benefits of a data center. Here are the benefits of a data center.

1. Save Time and Cost

A company will save more costs and will save time archiving and storing data as well. Thus, it can make a company able to manage data online.

2. More Secure Device

The device that is the storage medium will be safer and better maintained even though it continues to operate for 24 hours. With the ability to detect types of data that are dangerous and contain viruses, as well as being able to sort data according to company interests.

3. The company knows more about the client's development

With never-ending developments, the company will be faster in knowing the development of clients through related data.

Every data including client data is also stored neatly in the data center. So the company can search for client data if needed.


This is the explanation of this article regarding data centers. You need to know that a data center is useful for a company in providing centralized and comprehensive data storage services.

Data centers are a form of innovation in safe and effective data storage for companies and organizations.

Audithink is audit software to assist your company's internal team in audit and risk management.

We provide a variety of features that help make the audit process faster and more effective. Contact Audithink to get more information about our offerings.

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