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Server: Definition, Functions, Types, How They Work, and Benefits

Server adalah


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Have you ever used a computer? You must have seen a type of service that operates on a computer system that is for example based in a particular country or region. This type of service is a server.

Server is a special service in the form of data storage. Server is a computer network that has a very large storage size.

At first glance, servers have various devices such as processors and RAM that are different from ordinary computers, having a larger capacity. Servers are instrumental in the operation of computer systems that require a large amount of storage and high performance.

Using a server is very important for providing faster access to services to send and receive data and information on an accessible server. The server can operate as long as there is hardware as an intermediary.

This article will explain more about servers. Starting from understanding servers, 7 types of servers, functions, to how they work. Check out the following explanation.

Definition of Server

Then what is a server? Do you already understand about servers? In general, a server is a collection of computer service networks that are gathered on one hardware device such as a computer or laptop. Each server is a data store in the form of information from various types of complex documents.

This service aims to provide a lot of convenience and indeed almost everything aims to make it easier for clients or users. To enable faster access services to send or receive data and information available on the server, the server is physically formed as a computer network and consists of a number of components supporting processors and RAM.

Servers are very useful in the use of computer services that are clustered and require further classification. Servers are quite effective devices for categorizing users both and generally by location.

An example of such a server is a location-based server. Suppose if the user is playing an online game, and the user's location is connected to the device, then it will be connected to the server that corresponds to the user's location.

Server Functions

So from the type of server, you can conclude that the general server function is to accommodate and provide access services for users and computers which are the main tools. Here are the server functions in general.

1. Accommodate Users into One Place According to Preferences

The function of the server is as a place to accommodate users in one place that suits their preferences. for example, on a Web server, users will find features cookies. This feature will provide and direct users to content according to their preferences.

2. Provide Access for Users to Connect with Other Servers

Apart from providing a container for users, one of the other server functions is to connect users to access to other servers. For example, in the type of proxy server that connects users to connect to their destination Web server.

3. Provide Data Access for Users

Another general server function is to provide data access for users. Data access is very important for user profiles and privacy. Data access is useful for storing all user activities while active on the computer. Examples of this server function can be found on server types such as FTP servers.

Types of Servers Based on Their Needs

Now, from these definitions and small examples, you can find out that there are various types of servers that do affect according to user needs and server provider needs. There are 7 types of servers based on their needs. Here are the seven types of servers.

1. Web Server

The first type of server is a web server. From the name alone, you must know that this server is indeed useful for providing a place and container for users and website visitors. Web server is a type of server whose role is to publish WWW (World Wide Web). The web server will send the web page in the form of HTML or CSS.

The main task of the web server is to send the files that the user has previously requested. This type of server delivery occurs through the browser with some special conditions. But nowadays, a web server is a server that is able to connect the browser with various kinds of hardware such as printers and others.

2. Mail Server

Mail server is a type of server that focuses on mail delivery and digital correspondence. This type of server will serve users and visitors in exchanging messages with other users digitally. Well, the difference with other types of servers, Mail server has two types of servers, namely incoming and outgoing mail servers.

For incoming mail providers, there are several types such as POP3 and IMAP. POP3 is an electronic messaging protocol that stores sent messages and is stored on the local computer. Then IMAP is a protocol that always stores a copy of the sent message into the Mail Server itself.

Broadly speaking, a mail server is a server that serves to accommodate the exchange of messages and digital correspondence for its users. And nowadays, Mail servers have been connected to several protocols to provide users with the ability to send images and videos. Examples such as servers on Whatsapp and Instagram.

3. Database Server

This type of server is a fairly simple type of server, which is a server that will provide services in the form of database management to other servers. So that the database server is a server that can manage other servers. The database server becomes a server with a fairly simple way of working and consists of four types, namely:

  • Flat File Database
  • Relation Database
  • Object Database
  • Relational-Object Database

The concept of a database server is to provide organized big data services. So that it is easier to search. This service will provide access to users at the same time.

4. DHCP Server

DHCP server or known as Dinamic Host Configuration Protocol is a type of server that runs IP Address and domain rental services.

This server also provides services for TCP/IP on the client. It assigns and creates IP addresses automatically to connected computers or devices.

5. Proxy Server

Proxy server is a type of server that is useful for mediating web servers with users. So, every user who will access the internet will pass through a proxy first.

This proxy will also detect any interference or suspicious internet access. If there is a user or internet access to a suspicious Web server, it will be completely blocked by the Proxy server.

Examples of Proxy servers are VPN services as well as browser DNS. 

6. FTP Server

FTP Server is a server that only provides data access to one server through one network. In FTP Server, the client will use unencrypted ASCII code in the transfer process.

While the other type, STFP, provides a security network to protect data during the transfer process with the user.

7. Game Server

Contoh Game Server
Game Server Example (Image Source: DeviantArt)

This type of server is a fairly easy type of server for everyone to understand. The game server will group users or player in a group in the game to meet with player other.

This grouping depends on the game developer. It can be based on level, player rank, player play style, profile, and location.

There are currently two types of Game Servers that are often used. The first is based on player location where players with the same or adjacent location areas will be placed in one server location.

Meanwhile, the second is based on the player's level where players of the same level will be brought together so that the game will be more balanced. This server is popular in online games.

How the Server Works

Then you must be asking how a server works. A server works quite simply. A server will work at the will and request of the client.

If you use a computer and select a server on a game server for example, you will automatically connect to the server according to the location of your computer if the game server is location-based. The same goes for other servers.

Server Benefits

There are several benefits of servers that are useful both for users and for computers. The following are the benefits of servers based on the types and functions that have been described.

1. Can Organize Data Traffic, Making Computers Faster

A server can effectively manage data traffic on a computer. You no longer need to organize your data manually. All data will be stored in the same folder. Thus, a server will not let any data outside its storage. This will make the computer faster.

2. Set Client Computer Access Rights to All Networks

A server will set the client's computer access rights once the client logs into the server. This server will give the client the authority to choose which network the server can connect to. So that the entire network will be more easily synchronized.

3. Protecting Client Computers With Malware Services

A server can protect client computers from malware attacks. Some types such as Proxy servers will provide several options and recommendations to protect computers from malware attacks, especially on websites that are less encrypted.


Thus the explanation of this article regarding servers. As the name suggests in Indonesian, namely servers, servers provide services in the form of delivery and containers for users to operate computers with other users according to their needs.

A server is a type of device collection that is effective for connecting users with each other.

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